US Strategic Bombing Survey – Europe

Editor’s Notes:

*Warning on Bandwidth, files range from 3MB to 70MB! Watch out if you are on Mobile Data*

Several of these reports were found as part of the HathiTrust Digital Library. They have been edited and organized into individual reports instead of entire volumes for easier access. Unforunately most of the fold-out maps and tables were not scanned properly.

The combined Summary report of the US Strategic Bombing Survey (USSBS) for both Europe and Pacific can be found here.

The USSBS reports for the Pacific can be found here.

As reports are found/digitalized, the titles will have links updated below.

Last Updated: September 2, 2019.

Update History:

  • February 23, 2019 – Initial Batch of USSBS Reports Europe
  • September 2, 2019 – 63b Vol 1 & 2 Added


The United States Strategic Bombing Survey was established by the Secretary of War on 3 November 1944, pursuant to a directive from the late President Roosevelt. It was established for the purpose of conducting an imprtial and expert study of the effects of our aerial attack on Germany, to be used in connection with air attacks on Japan and to establish for evaluating air power as an instrument of military strategy, for planning the future development of the United States armed forces, and for determining future economic policies with respect to the national defense. A summary report and some 200 supporting reports containing the findings of the Survey in Germany have been published. On 15 August 1945, President Truman requested the Survey to conduct a similar study of the effects of all types of air attack in the war against Japan.


Office of the Chairman

001 Summary Report (European War)
002 Overall Report (European War)
003 The Effects of Strategic Bombing on the German War Economy

Aircraft Division

(By Division and Branch)

004 Aircraft Division Industry Report
005 Inspection Visits to Various Targets (Special Report)

Airframes Branch

006 Junkers Aircraft and Aero Engine Works, Dessau, Germany
007 Erla Maschinenwerke GmbH, Heiterblick, Germany
008 ATG Maschinenbau, GmbH, Leipzig (Mockau), Germany
009 Gothaer Waggonfabrik, AG, Gotha, Germany
010 Fock Wulf Aircraft Plant, Bremen, Germany
011 Messerschmitt AG, Augsburg, Germany
012 Dornier Works, Friedrichshafen & Munich, Germany
013 Gerhard Feiseler Werke GmbH, Kassel, Germany
014 Wiener Neustaedter Flugzeugwerke, Wiener Neustadt, Austria

Aero Engines Branch

015 Bussing NAG Flugmotorenwerke, GmbH, Brunswick, Germany
016 Mittel-Deutsche Motorenwerke, GmbH, Taucha, Germany
017 Bavarian Motor Works, Inc. Eisenach & Durrerhof, Germany
018 Baysrische Motorenwerke, AG (BMW) Munich, Germany
019 Henschel Flugmotorenwerke, Kassel, Germany

Light Metal Branch

020 Light Metals Industry of Germany (Part 1, Aluminum & Part 2, Magnesium)
021 Wereinigte Deutsche Metallwerke, Hildesheim, Germany
022 Metallgussgesellschaft, GmbH, Leipzig, Germany
023 Aluminiumwerk GmbH, Plant No. 2, Bitterfeld, Germany
024 Gebrueder Giulini GmbH, Lunwigshafen, Germany
025 Luftschiffbau, Zepplin GmbH, Friedrichshafen on Bodensee, Germany
026 Wieland Werke AG, Ulm, Germany
027 Rudolph Rautenbach Lieghmetallgiessereien, Solingen, Germany
028 Lippewerke Wereinigte Aluminiumwerke AG, Lunen, Germany
029 Vereinigte Deutsche Metalwerke, Heddernheim, Germany
030 Duerener Metallwerke AG, Duren Wittenau-Berlin & Waren, Germany

Area Studies Division

031 Area Studied Division Report
032 A Detailed Study of the Effects of Area Bombing on Hamburg
033 A Detailed Study of the Effects of Area Bombing on Wuppertal
034 A Detailed Study of the Effects of Area Bombing on Dusseldorf
035 A Detailed Study of the Effects of Area Bombing on Solingen
036 A Detailed Study of the Effects of Area Bombing on Remschied
037 A Detailed Study of the Effects of Area Bombing on Daramstadt
038 A Detailed Study of the Effects of Area Bombing on Ludbeck
039 A Brief Study of the Effects of Area Bombing on Berlin, Augsburg, Bochum, Leipzig, Hagen, Dortmund, Oberhausen, Schweinfurt, and Bremen

Civilian Defense Division

040 Civilian Defense Division – Final Report

041 Cologne Field Report
042 Bonn Field Report
043 Hanover Field Report
044.1 Hamburg Field Report – Vol. 1 Text
044.2 Hamburg Field Report – Vol. 2 Exhibits
045 Bad Oldesloe Field Report
046 Augsburg Field Report
047 Reception Areas in Bavaria, Germany

Equipment Division

Electrical Branch

048 German Electric Utilities Industry Report
049 Brown Boveri et Cie, Mannheim Kafertal, Germany

Optical and Precision Instrument Branch

050 Optical and Precision Instrument Industry Report

Abrasives Branch

051 The German Abrasive Industry
052 Mayer and Schmidt, Offenbach on Main, Germany

Anti-Friction Branch

053 The German Anti-Friction Bearing Industry 1947

Machine Tools Branch

054 Machine Tools & Machinery as Capital Equipment
055 Machine Tool Industry in Germany
056 Harman Kolb Co., Cologne, Germany
057 Collet and Engelhard, Offenbach, Germany
058 Naxos Union, Frankfurt on Main, Germany

Military Analysis Division

059 The Defeat of the German Air Force
060 V-Weapons (Crossbow) Campaign
061 Air Force Rate of Operation
062 Weather Factors in Combat Bombardment Operations in the European Theater
063 Bombing Accuracy, USAAF Heavy and Medium Bombers in the ETO
064 Description of RAF Bombing
064a The Impact of the Allied Air Effort on German Logistics

Morale Division

064b.1 The Effects of Strategic Bombing on German Morale
064b.2 The Effects of Strategic Bombing on German Morale

Medical Branch

065 The Effect of Bombing on Health and Medical Care in Germany

Munitions Divisions

Heavy Industry Branch

066 The Coking Industry Report on Germany
067 Coking Plant Report No. 1 Sections A, B, C & D
068 Gutehoffnugshutte, Oberhausen, Germany
069 Friedrich-Alfred Huette, Rheinhausen, Germany
070 Neukirchen Eisenwerke AG, Neukirchen, Germany
071 Reichswerke Herman Goering AG, Hallendorf, Germany
072 August Thyssen Huette AG, Hamborn, Germany
073 Friedrich Krupp AG, Borbeck Plant, Essen, Germany
074 Dortmund Hoerder Huttenverein AG, Dortmund, Germany
075 Hoesch AG, Dortmund, Germany
076 Bochumer Verin fuer Gusstahlfabrikatin AG, Bochum, Germany

Motor Vehicles and Tanks Branch

077 German Motor Vehicles Industry Report
078 Tank Industry Report
079 Daimler Benz AG, Unterturkheim, Germany
080 Renault Motor Vehicle Plant, Billancourt, Paris
081 Adam Opel, Russelheim, Germany
082 Daimler Benz-Gaggenau Works, Gaggenau, Germany
083 Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg, Nurnberg, Germany
084 Auto Union AG, Chemnitz and Zwickau, Germany
085 Henschel & Shon, Kasel, Germany
086 Maybach Motor Works Friedrichshafen, Germany 1947
087 Voigtlander, Maschinenfabrik AG, Plauen, Germany
088 Volkswagenwerke, Fallerslben, Germany
089 Bussing NAG, Brunswick, Germany
090 Muehlenbau Industrie AG (Miag) Brunswick, Germany
091 Friedrich Krupp Grusonwerke, Magdeburg, Germany

Submarine Branch

092 German Submarine Industry Report
093 Maschinenfabrik August-Nurnberg AG, Augsberg, Germany
094 Blohm and Voss Shipyards, Hamburg, Germany
095 Deutschewerke AG, Kiel, Germany
096 Deutsche Schiff und Maschinenbau, Bremen, Germany
097 Freidrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel, Germany
098 Howardtswerke AG, Hamburg, Germany
099 Submarine Assembly Shelter, Farge, Germany
100 Bremer Vulcan, Vegesach, Germany

Ordnance Branch

101 Ordnance Industry Report
102 Freidrich Krupp Grusonwerke AG, Magdeberg, Germany
103 Bochumer Verin fuer Gusstahlfabrikation AG, Bochum, Germany
104 Henchel & Sohn, Kassel, Germany
105 Rheinmetall-Borsing, Dusseldorf, Germany
106 Hermann Goering Werke, Braunschweig, Hallendorf, Germany
107 Hannoverische Maschinenbau, Hamnnover, Germany
108 Gusstahlfabrik Freidrich Krupp, Essen, Germany

Oil Division

109 Oil Division Final Report
110 Oil Division Final Report, Appendix
111 Powder, Explosives, Special Rockets and Jet Propellants, War Gases and Smoke Acid (Ministerial Report #1)
112 Underground and Dispersal Plants in Greater Germany
113 The German Oil Industry, Ministerial Repot Team 78
114 Ministerial Report on Chemicals

Oil Branch

115 Amnoniawerke Merseburg GmbH, Leuna, Germany
116 Braunkohle Bezin AG, Zeitz and Bohlen, Germany Wintershall AG, Luetzkendorf, Germany
117 Ludwigshafen-Oppau Worls of IG Farbenindustrie AG, Ludwigshafen, Germany
118.1 Ruhroel Hydrogenation Plant, Bottrop-Boy, Germany Vol. 1
118.2 Ruhroel Hydrogenation Plant, Bottrop-Boy, Germany Vol. 2
119 Rhenania Ossag Mineraloelwerke AG, Harburg Refinery, Hamburg, Germany
120 Rhenania Ossag Mineraloelwerke AG, Grasbrook Refinery, Hamburg, Germany
121 Rhenania Ossag Mineraloelwerke AG, Wilhelmsburg Refinery, Hamburg, Germany
122.1 Gewerkschaft Victor, Castrop-Rauxel, Germany Vol. 1
122.2 Gewerkschaft Victor, Castrop-Rauxel, Germany Vol. 2
123 Europaeische Tanklager und Transport AG, Hamburg, Germany
124 Ebano Asphalt Werke AG, Harburg Refinery, Hamburg, Germany
125.1 Meerbeck Rheinpreussen Synthetic Oil Plant Vol. 1
125.2 Meerbeck Rheinpreussen Synthetic Oil Plant Vol. 2

Rubber Branch

126 Deutsche Dunlop Gummi Co., Hanau on Main, Germany
127 Continental Gummiwerke, Hannover, Germany
128 Huels Synthetic Rubber Plant
129 Ministerial Report on German Rubber Industry

Propellants Branch

130 Elektrochemischewerke, Munich, Germany
131 Schoenebeck Explosive Plant, Lignose Sprengstoff Werke GmbH, Bad Salzemen, Germany
132 Plants of Dynamit AG, Vormal, Alfred Nobel & Co., Troisdorf, Ckausthal, Drummel and Duneberg, Germany
133 Deutsche Sprengchemie GmbH, Kraiburg, Germany

Over-all Economic Effects Division

134 Over-all Economic Effects Division Report
134a Industrial Sales Output and Productivity

Physical Damage Division

134b Physical Damage Division Report (ETO)
135 Villacoublay Airdrome, Paris, France
136 Railroad Repair Yards, Malines, Belgium
137 Railroad Repair Yards, Louvain, Belgium
138 Railroad Repair Yards, Hasselt, Belgium
139 Railroad Repair Yards, Namur, Belgium
140 Submarine Pens, Brest, France
141 Powder Plant, Angouleme, France
142 Powder Plant, Bergerac, France
143 Coking Plants, Montigne & Liege, Belgium
144 Fort St. Blaise Verdun Group, Metz, France
145 Gnome et Rhone, Limoges, France
146 Michelen Tire Factory, Clermont-Ferrand, France
147 Gnome et Rhone Aero Engine Factory, Le Mans, France
148 Kugelfischer Bearing Ball Plant, Toulouse, France
149 Louis Berguret Aircraft Plant, Toulouse, France
150 SNCASE Aircraft Plant, Toulouse, France
151 AIA Aircraft Plant, Toulouse, France
152 V Weapons in London
153 City Area of Kerfeld
154 Public Air Raid Shelters in Germany
155 Goldenberg Thermal Electric Power Station, Knapsack, Germany
156 Brauweiler Transformer & Switching Station, Brauweiler, Germany
157 Storage Depotm Nahbollenbach, Germany
158 Railway and Road Bridge, Bad Munster, Germany
159 Railway Bridge, Eller, Germany
160 Gustloff-Werke Weimar, Weimar, Germany
161 Henschell & Sohn GmbH, Kassel, Germany
162 Ares Surveyat Primasens, Germany
163 Hanomag, Hanover, Germany
164 MAN Werke Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany
165 Friedrich Krupp AG, Essen, Germany
166 Erla Maschinenwerke, GmbH, Heiterblick, Germany
167 ATG Maschinenbau GmbH, Mockau, Germany
168 Erla Maschinenwerke, GmbH, Mockau, Germany
169 Bayerische Motorenwerke GmbH, Taucha, Germany
170 Mittel-Deusche Motorenwerke GmbH, Taucha, Germany
171 Submarine Pens Deutshe-Werft, Hamburg, Germany
172 Multi-Storied Structures, Hamburg, Germany
173 Comtinental Gummiwerke, Hanover, Germany
174 Kassel Marshalling Yards, Kassel, Germany
175 Ammoniawerke, Merseburg-Leuna, Germany
176 Brown Boveri et Cie, Mannheim, Kafertal, Germany
177 Adam Opel AG, Russelheim, Germany
178 Daimler-Benz AG, Unterturkheim, Germany
179 Valentin Submarine Assembly, Farge, Germany
180 Volkswaggonwerke, Fallersleben, Germany
181 Railway Viaduct at Bielefeld, Germany
182 Ship Yards Howaldtswerke, Hamburg, Germany
183 Blohm and Voss Shipyards, Hamburg, Germany
184 Daimler-Benz AG, Mannheim, Germany
185 Synthetic Oil Palnt, Meerbeck-Hamburg, Germany
186 Gewerkschaft, Victor, Castrop-Rauxel, Germany
187 Klockner Humboldt Deutz, Ulm, Germany
188 Ruhtoel Hydrogenation Plant, Bottrop-Boy, Germany
189 Neukirchen Eisenwerke AG, Neukirchen, Germany
190 Railway Viaduct at Alterbecken, Germany
191 Railway Viaduct at Arnsburg, Germany
192 Deurag-Nerag Refineries, Misburg, Germany
193 Fire Raids on Germany Cities
194.1 IG Farbenindustrie, Ludwigshafen, Germany Vol. 1
194.2 IG Farbenindustrie, Ludwigshafen, Germany Vol. 2
195 Roundhouse in Marshalling Yard, Ulm, Germany
196 IG Farbenindustrie, Leverkusen, Germany
197 Chemische-Werke, Huels, Germany
198 Gremberg Marshalling Yard, Gremberg, Germany
199 Locomotive Shops and Bridges at Hamm, Germany

Transportation Division

200 The Effects of Strategic Bombing on Germany Transportation
201 Rail Operations Over the Brenner Pass
202 Effects of Bombing on Railroad Installations in Regensburg, Nurnberg and Munich Divisions
203 German Locomotive Industry During the War
204 German Military Railroad Traffic

Utilities Division

205 German Electric Utilities Industry Report
206 1 to 10 in Vol. I Utilities Division Plant Reports
207 11 to 20 in Vol. II Utilities Division Plant Reports
208 21 Rheinische-Westfalische Elektrizitaetswerke AG


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